About CBD

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CBD 101
What is CBD? CBD stands for Cannabidiol and is only one of 144 (and counting!) cannabinoids naturally found in the Cannabis Sativa plant.
Is CBD legal? Yes in the US, Europe and Canada as long as products made are from industrial hemp and contains >.03% THC.
Does CBD contain THC? Full spectrum formulas do,  but the federal legal limit is less than .03%. Broad spectrum and isolate forms contain 0% THC.
What is the difference between CBD and THC? CBD and THC are just two of the more than 140 cannabinoids found naturally occurring in the cannabis plant. CBD is not psychoactive, THC is. THC oil is also illegal in some parts of the world because of its psychoactive properties.
Does CBD get you “high’ or “stoned”? No, CBD oil does not contain any psychoactive substances, and it does not get you "stoned". Consumers say, however, that it is relaxing. 
Does CBD show up on a drug test? No, but could show a false positive. Fortunately, the urine drug screen for THC and its metabolites is known to have little cross-reactivity to other cannabinoids that are not psychoactive, such as CBD. Therefore, since CBD oil derived from hemp contains only trace amounts of THC, a hemp oil routine shouldn’t cause a user to fail a drug test. However, a false positive can be produced if the test is only looking for full spectrum cannabinoids. 
What does CBD help? All answers are correct except the munchies. Autism, anxiety, alcoholism, back pain, chronic pain, Crohn’s, diabetes, depression, epilepsy, fibromyalgia, hepatitis C, insomnia, liver diseases, migraines, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s Disease, PTSD, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, schizophrenia & psychosis.
What can Agricultural Cannabis Sativa be used for? Agricultural Cannabis Sativa is one of the must universally useful plants known to man. We are still unlocking its full potential. Hemp is a great rotation crop, it sequesters CO2, and can be made in to paper, plastic, textiles, bricks, animal feed, bio-products and of course, medicine. 
Do CBD and Marijuana come from the same plant? No, CBD is derived from agriculturally grown Cannabis sativa plants with little to no THC which is found at high levels in Cannabis indica plants. It’s like the difference between cherry tomatoes and Roma tomatoes. Though they are both part of the same genus, they are genetically different plants.

How fast does CBD work? Minutes. Though this depends on the dose, the disease, delivery method and patient expectations. Most people notice the calming and relaxing effects of CBD within 15 minutes when administered orally under the tongue. If you use CBD for other reasons, the medical effect may take longer



What is CBD "Cannabidiol"?
Cannabidiol, "CBD" for short, is one of the most researched compounds of the 116+ known phytocannabinoids found in the cannabis plant.

What is CBD, though? Unlike THC, CBD does not get you "high". Regardless, CBD is now frequently thought of as the single most significant cannabinoid ever isolated. With more and more study, the number of ways it is used keeps growing, providing an increasing number of options to people seeking better health.


How And Why Do You Use CBD?
The body's absorption of CBD into the blood is often called bioavailability. Enhancing bioavailability means enabling more cannabidiol to be more available for the body to use. Applying CBD in different ways to the body alters its bioavailability. From edible and drinkable CBD products to CBD skincare, finding personalized options will help you create the best outcome.

Most new consumers are interested in what CBD Oil consists of and why they should start using it. Many people use it for general well-being or to get more proactive with a daily health regimen. Everyone's body works differently and there are countless ways CBD can be used to help.

CBD And The Endocannabinoid System
The cannabis plant includes heaps of cannabinoids that bind with Endocannabinoid System (ECS) receptors. Both principal receptors for cannabinoids are known as the CB1 and CB2. These receptors help regulate coordination, mood, pain, and hunger. CB2 receptors are located throughout the entire body and are commonly found in the immune system. They mostly have an effect on pain and inflammation.

CBD has a more regulating influence on the receptors compared to THC. It interacts with CB1, which ends in mild stimulation or obstructing of this receptor. CBD acts as a modulator that could amplify or reduce the receptor’s ability to transmit signals, much like a dimmer switch.

This activity is also considered to activate the body to make more CB receptors, leading to elevated natural levels of anandamide. With more CB receptors, the human body becomes more sensitive to normal endocannabinoids currently within the body.


What Are Terpenes?
Terpenes are hydrocarbons that are generally responsible for the distinct tastes and smells we experience in nature. Originally, plants evolved to express terpenes to avoid getting eaten. Plants also use these compounds to attract pollinators.

Terpenes show up in high amounts in a variety of essential oils. For instance, limonene is present in the essential oil of lemons and limes. Additionally, alpha and beta-pinene are found in the essential oil of pine needles. The terpenoids in these oils produce the smell of lemons and pine forests. In addition, the terpene linalool is the predominant compound found in lavender. These compounds, and thousands more, also show up in the flowers of cannabis.


Why are Terpenes Important?
They communicate with the body's endocannabinoid system to bring therapeutic benefits.
They work synergistically with cannabinoids to bring about homeostasis.
Terpenoids give foods their natural flavor.
We only use only natural terpenes in our hemp extracts because synthetic terpenoids are inferior and we believe in only using the best. Each unique cannabis strain will reveal a different profile of terpenes, each present in different concentrations.


     1. Myrcene ranks as most common terpene in cannabis and it offers powerful tranquilizing effects.

     2. Limonene shows up in citrus fruits and it can increase a person's energy.

     3. Terpinolene features a smokey smell and may ease feelings of stress. Over 15,000 terpenoids have already been identified and plant biologists are always identifying more.


Considering that each offers a treasure trove of health benefits, the possibilities seem endless. Terpenes show incredible promise when used in conjunction with cannabinoids. Discovering which terps are available in a given product can be challenging. Full panel lab tests that show terpene profiles can aid patients in finding what works best for them.


Notice To Legality:
The photos contained on this page might look like marijuana concentrates, but they actually show legal terpenes. Historic legislation establishes the legality of industrial hemp produced in state pilot agricultural programs. Congress provides the requisite definition for allowable amounts of THC. Industrial hemp’ means the plant Cannabis sativa L. and any part of such plant, whether growing or not, with a delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol concentration of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis”.

An important legal distinction also appears in the first sentence of this bill. It states: “Notwithstanding the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 801 et seq.), the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act (20 U.S.C. 7101 et seq.), chapter 81 of title 41, United States Code, or any other Federal law”. Moreover, the term “notwithstanding” became widely used by the 114th Congress as a way to supersede previous laws that may apply, without going through the process of overturning them. This confirms that hemp cannot be considered “marijuana” under the CSA.

Consolidated Appropriations Act, Sec. 763 (2016)
This legislation marks the omnibus federal budget for FY2016. In addition, according to 7 U.S.C. §5940, the term “industrial hemp” means the plant Cannabis sativa L. and any part of such plant, whether growing or not, with a Delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta-9 THC) concentration of not more than 0.3% on a dry weight basis. Furthermore, only the Delta-9 THC level remains relevant, not THC-A. This hemp flower contains a Delta-9 THC level on a dry weight basis equal to 0%, well below the 0.3% maximum level and, therefore, this reflects hemp, not marijuana, and remains perfectly legal to possess and sell.  In addition, this right applies in any state pursuant to the Full Faith and Credit Clause, Article VI, Section 1 of the Constitution, the Supremacy Clause, Article VI, Section 2 of the Constitution, and the Equal Protection Clause, Section 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment.

Green News Now: Simplified Answers Series

CBD Vocabulary... What does it all mean?

Broad Spectrum = aka isolate, purified CBD that has been extracted from the marijuana plant and and isolated from other cannabinoids and does not contain THC.
Bud = The flowering top of the hemp plant, also called flower.
Cannabis = the correct name for marijuana and hemp. There are three species all hailing from Asia or the Indian subcontinent; Cannabis sativa, Cannabis Indica & Cannabis ruderalis.
Cannabinoid = the active molecule found in cannabis that also reacts naturally with the endocannabinoid system in our own bodies. There are currently more than 140 known cannabinoids including but not limited to: CBD, CBN, CBG, THC, CBA & CBC.
Carrier = the product used to dilute the CBD raw form. Usually MCT (Medium Chain Triglycerides) aka Coconut Oil, Olive Oil, Grape Seed Oil and Hemp Oil to name a few. 
CBD = Cannabidiol, an active cannabinoid derived from the hemp plant.
CBN = Cannabinol, an active cannabinoid derived from the hemp plant.
CBG = Cannabigirol, an active cannabinoid derived from the hemp plant.
Edibles  = any CBD infused product you eat
Endocannabinoid System = The internal system that sythesizes endocannabinoids and is responsible for helping to maintain homeostasis in nearly all living things.
Extraction = The process by which the CBD resin/oil is removed from the plant. Methods include CO2, ethanol and hydrocarbon.
extraction methods....
CO2 Extraction = carbon dioxide is pressured in metal tanks until it becomes supercritical fluid, then the   fluid pulls out the desirable compounds from the flower. The fluid Is then separated, leaving only    concentrates including hash oil, shatter and paste. 
Ethanol Extraction = a process where raw cannabis is soaked in FDA deemed safe ethanol to pull    trichomes in the solvent. The cannabis is then removed; the liquid is filtered and the alcohol purged from   the extracted material. 
Hydrocarbon Extraction = typically refers to using butane or propane as a solvent that’s passed through  the raw cannabis matter to collect cannabinoids and terpenes. The solvent with the essential oils is then   heated up to evaporate off the butane or propane, leaving behind the extract.
Full Spectrum = or whole plant CBD contains all cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant such as CBN, CBG and THCV, to name a few. Full Spectrum CBD also contains trace amounts of THC, up to .3% (Federal limit).
Hemp = the name given to cannabis used in the commercial and healthcare industry that contains >.03% of THC or less. Sometimes also called "industrial hemp."
Homeostasis = the state of steady internal physical and chemical conditions maintained by living organisms.
Sublingual = AKA Oil, Drops, Tincture are applied under the tongue.
Terpenes = aka terpenoids, are the primary consitituents of the essentials oils of many types of plants and flowers. Essential oils are used as fragrances and traditional medicine, such as aromatherapy.
THC = Tetrahydrocannabinol, an active cannabinoid derived from the hemp plant. 
Topicals = AKA Balms, Salves, Creams, lotions are all applied directly to the skin

Image courtesty National Conference of State Legislatures
Cannabis Laws & Legislation
Is CBD Legal?
In the US, CBD is legal in all 50 states as long as it contains >.03% THC. Marijuana's legality varies by state. It can either still be 100% illegal as it is still in a handful of states. It can be decriminilzed where the penalty for possession is a fine. Many states have legalized marijuana for medicinal use and requires permission from a doctor in the form of a perscription. In a growing number of states, marijuana has obtained the status much like alcohol and may be used recreationally by adults aged 21 years and older.

The Hemp Act of 2018 & Revised 2022 Hemp Farm Bill

The congressional act that decriminalized industrial hemp with THC levels of >.03%. As of July 1, 2022, the New Hemp Farm Bill in North Carolina was passed taking CBD and hemp products off the Schedule 1 list of drugs! Under the 2018 Hemp Farm Bill CBD was legal on the Federal level in all 50 states, with each state having an individual say in its legality.


Is Cannabidiol Legal?
Ancient cultures have utilized various breeds of cannabis for centuries to create prosperity and improve healthcare.

The mainstream science and health communities today are only beginning to recognize and accept the medicinal properties of various cannabinoids. Lifting the prohibitions that have limited and restricted the use of cannabidiol is an ongoing battle. Many countries across the world are starting to evolve their policies to protect the dignity of persons searching for safe and reliable medicine alternatives through cannabis.

The 2014 Farm Bill provided federal rights to develop and investigate industrial hemp cannabis sativa plants through state-regulated pilot and agriculture applications. With the passing of this 2018 Farm Bill, the development, production, and distribution of hemp became legalized -- permitting hemp-derived goods like cannabidiol, to be easily bought and sold.

Both hemp and "marijuana" both derive from the same species Cannabis plant; the primary distinguishing feature between the two is the level of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Hemp is bred to have low THC (in the U.S. industrial hemp contains 0.3% or less THC and is consequently legal). Additionally, marijuana is bred to possess greater THC concentrations and remains federally illegal.

In 2014, Congress made provisions to legalize the cultivation of industrial hemp plants through state-regulated agriculture sections for hemp control and study. Furthermore, their latest judgment in 2018 eliminates industrial hemp as a federally controlled substance and Schedule I drug. In addition, it allows people to sell CBD domestically and internationally.


What Are The Laws For Cannabidiol?
The new laws on industrial plants implemented by Congress also guarantees that products generated from hemp plants -- such as CBD oil -- are far more easily available to the public. That said, individual nations can still make their own laws with respect to the distribution of hemp-derived products. Regarding U.S. Federal law, cannabidiol products from hemp comprising of less than 0.3% THC are legal to buy, sell, and use throughout the USA.